Northwest rim of Bikini Atoll before and after the hydrogen bomb test Bravo at Bikini Atoll in 1954: (a) Pre-test view of Nam and two islands to the west (source: unpublished U.S. government map, circa 1947). (b) Post-test (1978) aerial photo view of the same scene showing Bravo Crater, damaged Nam Island, disappearance of two other islets to the west, and scour trenches along the north face of the crater (source: EG&G Electronics 1978; see Tipton and Meibaum 1981). Post test (2005) view of the same scene showing coralline algae recovery on the northern reef rim, including a 1 km scale bar at top of aerial photo [after Google Earth, Digital Globe and the U.S. National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA)].
The resulting crater measured 2 km in diameter and 80 m deep
During the subsequent half century, corals and anemones have
recolonized Bravo Crater, and crustose coralline algae are now
evident on the reef flats scoured, trenched, and fractured by the
1954 blast (Figure 11c).
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