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Science and engineering graduates as a % of the labour force, 2009. Notes: AU Australia, BN Brunei Darussalam, KH Cambodia, HK Hong Kong, China, ID Indonesia, JP Japan, KR Republic of Korea, LA Lao People’s Democratic Republic, MY Malaysia, MN Mongolia, NP Nepal, NZ New Zealand, PH Philippines, and VN Viet Nam. Data for Australia and New Zealand for 2006; Hong Kong, China for 2004; Viet Nam and the Philippines for 2008; Nepal for 2010 (Source: Based on graduate statistics from UNESCO, Institute for Statistics, and labour force statistics from ILO 2011, Table 1a)
Figure 9.4 compares the number of science and engineering
graduates as a percentage of the total labour force to measure
inflow of new knowledge to existing labour force.
by Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Choi, KyungsooBook: Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-PacificBook DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5937-4Chapter: 9Chapter DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5937-4_9Published: 2013-01-01Institution(s):
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development (CFE), LEED Programme, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Asian countries are among the most dynamic economies in the world. As a result of their rapid growth, several countries are experiencing skill shortages in higher-technology manufacturing. As a response, they have ambitious plans for increasing vocational education and training as part of their national development plans. However, it remains to be seen how these plans will be implemented at the local level. This chapter is divided into three sections: (1) skills challenges faced by Asian countries, (2) strategic approaches to skills development in Asian countries and (3) emerging policy themes. It draws on data and analysis from 15 countries: Australia; Cambodia; China; Hong Kong, China; India; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Mongolia; Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; and Vietnam.
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